The Important of Intention In Our Action

Excerpts from the work : Imaam Ibn Rajab al-Hanbalee (RH)

And in the Qur’aan often it describes intention with the word iraadah as in His saying,

“Among you are some that desire (yureed) this world and some that desire the hereafter” (3:152)”Whosoever desires the life of this world and it’s adornment” (11:15)

“And keep yourself patiently with those who call on their Lord morning and evening seeking (yureedoona) His Face, and let not your eyes overlook them, desiring the pomp and glitter of this life.” (18:28)

And sometimes niyyah is described with the word ibtigaa (desire) as in His saying,

“Except only the desire (ibtigaa) to seek the Face of His Lord, the Most High” (92:20)”And you spend not except seeking (ibtigaa) the Face of Allaah” (2:272)

THE INTENTION IS THE FOUNDATION OF EVERY ACTION:

Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, saying, ‘verily (innamaa) actions are by intention’ and in a narration ‘actions are by intention’ – and both of these statements dictate constraint [to the fact that all actions are in need of intention] according to the correct opinion. And it is not our goal here to direct the discussion towards this or expound in any length on it. [Ibn Daqeeq al-Eid says in his ‘Ihkaam al-Ahkaam’: “2: The words ‘innamaa’ is used for constraint according to what is established in the Usul… and there is agreement over this. The meaning of constraint: is to affirm all that is contained in what is mentioned, and to negate all that falls outside of it… …So when the word ‘innamaa’ occurs then consider it, if the context and the intention of the words show that the constraint is specific to something then stick to this, and if it is not specific to something then take it to be an unrestricted constraint. With regards to this (unrestricted constraint) is his, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, saying, ‘indeed (innamaa) actions are by intentions.’ Allaah knows best.”]

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