Prophet Muhammad SAW beautiful words :
“Ask questions of the learned, speak with the wise, and associate with the poor”
In asking questions of learned people, one gains knowledge outside the realm of one’s own opinion and worldly desires. In other words, one should not rely completely on his own reasoning, rather he should also seek knowledge from those who know.
By speaking with the wise, one becomes wiser himself and learns to use his intellect to synthesize the knowledge that he is given. It is not enough to simply have knowledge. One must also possess a degree of wisdom.
Those first two points are obvious in their benefits, but why has the Prophet included the last piece of advice? Even in pondering that question, we have begun the process of reasoning! Sitting with those who are poor makes us reflect on ourselves, our preoccupation with this worldly life and on how Allah has given us a responsibility of giving to those in financial need and teaching those in intellectual need. This also humbles those with higher intellect to sit with those who have not achieved such levels and to realize that they cannot be superior to them except through piety and good deeds.